Iron-Deficiency Anemia

This magazine spread, explaining the different stages of iron-deficiency anemia, was created for a pathology course in the Biomedical Communications program. The goal of the assignment was to communicate the pathological progression of a disease at the appropriate gross, cellular, and/or molecular scale.


Educated public


Prof. Shelley Wall


Print, 11 x 17"


December 2018

Tools Used

Adobe Photoshop

Adobe Illustrator

Progress Work

Tissue landscape study

A study of bone marrow tissue.

Tissue cubes study

A study of the bone marrow through the stages of iron-deficiency anemia.


Experiments in composition and layout.

Color studies

Experiments in color palettes.

References: Braunstein, E. (July, 2018). Iron Deficiency Anemia. Retrieved from Coad, J., & Pedley, K. (2014). Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in women. Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation, 74(sup244), 82–89. Dallman, P. R. (1986). Biochemical Basis for the Manifestations of Iron Deficiency. Annual Review of Nutrition, 6(1), 13–40. de Benoist B et al. (2008). Worldwide prevalence of anaemia 1993-2005. WHO Global Database on Anaemia Geneva, World Health Organization.

Johnson-Wimbley, T. D., & Graham, D. Y. (2011). Diagnosis and management of iron deficiency anemia in the 21st century. Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology, 4(3), 177–184. Lopez, A., Cacoub, P., Macdougall, I. C., & Peyrin-Biroulet, L. (2016). Iron deficiency anaemia. The Lancet, 387, 907–916. Nemeth E, Tuttle MS, Powelson J, et al. (2004). Hepcidin regulates cellular iron efflux by binding to ferroportin and inducing its internalization. Science, 306(5704), 2090-2093.


AMY CAO 2019